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WILLIAM CAVENDISH, DUKE OF
Descended from William,
second son to sir William Cavendish, gentleman usher to cardinal Wolsey, by
Elizabeth, the rich countess of Shrewsbury This William obtained a peerage
by the means of lady Arabella Stuart, his niece, in
1605; and, in 1618, was created earl of
Devonshire. William, his great grandson, being a patriot, a friend of
William lord Russell, and an alive promoter of the revolution, was created
duke of Devonshire, 1964, He
died 1707, aet 67.
William, his grandson, third duke, died 1755.
His grace is fifth
duke; was born 1748, and succeeded his father in 1764. He married lady
Georgina, daughter of the late earl Spencer, a lady of great genius and
beauty, but unfortunately too much involved in the fashionable follies of
the age; by which her high talents and warm
heart were not a little clouded ; and the duke's splendid
estates suffered too much injury. She
died in March, 1806. The decided part which the duke tools, in opposition
to the administration of Mr. Pitt, is well known; but his own habits are
retired; and he is said to have assisted his party rather by his fortune,
than his own personal exertions.
Hardwick, Kighley, Bruce, Cecil, Butler of
Ormond, Russell, Hoskins, Boyle.
Chatsworth, in Derbyshire, a magnificent mansion,
originally built by the rich countess of Shrewsbury ; and Hardwicke-hall,
in the fame county, a curious Elizabethan house, in both which Mary queen
of Scots formerly was confined; and Chiswick, in Middlesex,
derived from the earls of Burlington.
William George, marquis of Hartington, born 1970.
Lord George Cavendish, who, by marriage with
lady Elizabeth Compton, possesses the estates of Spencer earl of
Wilmington, in Sussex, &c.
GEORGE SPENCER, DUKE OF
By male descent earl of Sunderland, and
baton Spencer of Wormleighton, to which peerage his ancestor was elevated
for his wealth by James I.-Charles, third earl of Sunderland, a character
well known in political history, in the reign of queen Anne, and George I.
who died 1722 by his marriage with lady Anne daughter and coheir of John
Churchill, the great duke of Marlborough, brought that dukedom finally to
his son Charles, fourth earl, who succeeded to those last honors in 1733,
and died 1758, leaving the present duke his son and heir, &c.
His grace is fifth earl of Sunderland, and third duke
of Marlborough, born 1739, married Caroline, daughter of John, fourth duke
of Bedford, and has two sons and four daughters. His grace has indulged in
a retired life, and has dedicated much of his time to literature,
especially the Greek, in which he was early initiated by his tutor and
friend, the celebrated Jacob Bryant.
Female Descent.] Knightley, Ketson,
Catelin, Willoughby Wriothesley, Sidney, Digby, Churchill, Trevor.
Chief Seats.] Blenheim, in Oxfordshire,
the gift of national gratitude to his great ancestor, a palace of uncommon
splendor, and, in point of ornamented grounds, perhaps the most beautiful
in Europe--Blandsorth-lodge, in the same county, once called Cornbury, and
the seat of the virtuous lord Clarendon.
Heir.) George, marquis of Blandford, born
1766, called to the upper house, as lord Spencer, of Wormleighton, 1806,
married lady Susan, daughter of the late earl of Galloway, by whom he has
Younger Branch.] Earl Spencer, &c.
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