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Letheringham Parish

British Isles Genealogy | County of Suffolk
 

Letheringham
Ledringaham, Crew or Trew

This lordship, it appears, was included amongst the 220 manors' granted, with the honor of Eye, to Robert Malet, a Norman Baron, by William the Conqueror. The family of Glanville were very soon after enfeoffed in the same, under the Lord Malet; and the Boviles held under the Glanvilles, in the time of King Henry II., with whom they afterwards became allied by marriage.

They descended from Sir Philip de Bovile, who gave lands, in the reign of King Henry I., to the Priory of Wykes, in Essex, and Paul de Bovile, who lived in the following reign. In the year 1195, William de Glanville gave 100 marks to have the custody of the heir of William de Bovile, until of age, with Ins lands, &c. This heir was, most likely, the William de Bovile who married Isabel, daughter and heiress of the sister and co-heiress of Jeffrey de Glanville, of Bacton, in Norfolk; for in the 3rd of Edward II., William, son and heir of William de Bovile, and Isabel his wife, was impleaded for the manor of Alderton, and the church of Dallinghoo, in this county, by William de Huntingfield, who descended from Emma, the other sister and co-heir, wife to John de Grey; being part of the possessions of the said Jeffrey de Glanville.

In the 56th of King Henry III., a fine was levied between John be Bovile, querent, and William de Bovile, deforcient, of the lordship of this parish, with those of Alderton, Greeting, Dallinghoo, and Thorp, in this county; whereby they became conveyed to William, for life; remainder to John, and his heirs; remainder to the right heirs of William; which John was brother of William. In the 5th of Edward I., John de Bovile held these lordships of the honor of Eye.

In the 7th of King Edward II., William de Bovile (probably son of the above John de Bovile) was lord; and in the 11th of the same reign, a settlement was made, whereby the said William, and Joan his wife, were to be seized in a moiety of their estate for life, remainder to Simon Fitz Richard, and Nicholaa his wife, one of the daughters of the said William de Bovile.

In the 21st of the following reign, Richard Fitz Simon, son of the above Simon Fitz Richard, and Nicholaa his wife, granted the lordship and advowson of Letheringham, with the advowson of the Priory there, to Sir John de Ufford, in trust, for the use of Margery. sole daughter and heiress of Sir John, son of Sir William Bovile, and Joan his wife.

This Margery married first, to Sir John Carbonel, Knt., and secondly, to Thomas, second son of Sir John Wingfield, Knt., of Wingfield Castle, and Elizabeth his wife, the daughter and heir of John Honeypot, of Wingfield, Esq.; by which marriage the said Thomas Wingfield, in her right, became seized of the lordship of this parish, about the 36th of the same King, where his descendants of the elder branch continued until the time of King William III.

This knightly family derived their name from Wingfield Castle, in this county, of which they were lords, and became early divided into various branches, furnishing the nation with men "wise in council and brave in war. "In the reign of King Henry VIII., there were, it is said, eight or nine Knights, all brothers, and two Knights of the Garter, of this house.

Richard, youngest son of Sir John Wingfield, K.B., of this parish, was a great favorite with that Monarch, and had the chief command, under the Earl of Surry, of the forces sent into France, in the 14th of his reign: for his services performed in that kingdom he was made a Knight of the most noble order of the Garter.

He was also Chancellor of the Dutchy of Lancaster, Lord Deputy of Calais, and one of the Privy Council to King Henry VIII.; was Ambassador to the Emperor Maximilian, and was afterwards sent out in the same capacity to France, and again in the like office of honor into Spain; where he died, in 1525, and was buried at Toledo.

Sir John, the eldest son, succeeded his father here: he was High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk in the 1st of King Richard III., and served the same office again the 8th of Henry VII. He married Anne, daughter of the Lord Audley, and had issue Sir Anthony Wingfield, who for his bravery at the battle of Spurrs, was knighted, and afterwards installed Knight of the Garter. He was also Vice-Chamberlain of the Household to King Henry VIII., and a member of his Privy Council; and was appointed by that Monarch, one of the Council to his son, and Executor of his last will, by which he bequeathed him a legacy of .200. His descendant, of the same name, was created a Baronet in 1627, and resided at that period at Goodwin's, in the parish of Hoo, from whence he soon after removed to E as ton.

William de Bovile gave the church and tithes of this parish, to St. Peter's, in Ipswich; when a small Priory of Black canons was settled here, as a cell to that Monastery. The time at which this took place has not been ascertained.

The tithes of the manors of Thorpe, in Hasketon, and Letheringham, in this county; of Bawsey, Leziat, and Custhorp, in Norfolk; and the impropriation of the churches of Charsfield, Hoo, Letheringham or Trew, and a portion of Hasketon, belonged to this Priory. Its valuation in "Taxatio Ecclesiastica,"1291, in 19 parishes, was .4 6s. od.

Previously to the dissolution there were 20 acres of arable land, 30 acres of pasture, and 10 acres of meadow, attached to the site of the Priory, in the occupation of the prior, valued at .6 13s. 4d. At the dissolution it was granted to Sir Anthony Wingfield, and in 1553, re-granted to Elizabeth Naunton, his third daughter: in the time of King James I., Sir Robert Naunton converted it into a good mansion, and resided here.

William Naunton, the last possessor of that family, left this estate, after the death of his wife, to his next heir; and it devolved upon William Leman, of Beccles, Esq. The present possessor is Andrew Arcedeckne, Esq., of Glevering Hall, in Hacheston.

The old mansion was pulled down, about 1770: there was a picture of St. Jerome, and an original of King James I., of some value, the others very indifferent. The church contained some noble monuments, but it has been suffered to go to ruin, and the monuments are defaced and destroyed.

Weever has preserved some account of them, all of which, in his time, he says "were fouly defaced;" and Mr. Gough, in his "Sepulchral Monuments," has engravings of plates and monuments in this church: he observes that "mere neglect and exposure to the weather, could not have reduced them to that state of complete desolation in which they appeared in 1780."

In Nichols's "Leicestershire," are two engravings of figures in the conventual church here; and in Cotman's "Sepulchral Brasses," is an etching of a brass plate upon the tomb of Sir Anthony Wing-field, in this parish church. The late Rev. William Clubbe had also collected together many fragments, from this ancient church, its brasses, and monuments, and of these a pyramid was erected in his vicaral garden at Brandeston, with appropriate inscriptions thereon, in Latin and English.

ARMS. Glanville: argent; a chief indented, azure. Bovile: quarterly; or and sable.

CHARITIES. Sir Robert Naunton erected in this parish an almshouse, of brick, one story high, for the reception of his decayed servants; wherein were apartments for five persons, but there being no endowment, it has long since become ruinous and useless.

Mem. In 1618, Alice Caston, of Ipswich, widow of Leonard Caston, Gent., for the fulfilling of his intent and desire, gave by will an annuity of .12, issuing out of divers lands, &c., in the manors of Letheringham, Hoo Godwin's, Westhall, and Sturmin's, in this county; with another of ten marks, out of divers other lands, manors, and tenements, in Saltisham, Sutton, Bawdsey, &c., late in the possession of the Earl of Rochford, for the founding of one Fellowship, and one Scholarship, in the College of Corpus Christi, in Cambridge; to which she ordered those of the names of Caston, Clenche, Brownrigge, and Amfield, should be preferred.

County of Suffolk

Topographical and Genealogical, The County of Suffolk, 1844, Augustine Page

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