Hoo or Hou
This manor was parcel of Hugh Bigod's barony, held of the King in capite, and
the lords of Framlingham were owners of this lord-ship, and patrons of the
church. In the 25th of King Edward I., Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, transferred
the same to the Crown; it was subsequently granted by King Edward II., to his
half brother, Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, who obtained a charter of
free warren in all his demesne lands in this parish.
He died seized thereof in the 12th of King Edward III., and Mary, his second
wife, the daughter of William, Lord Ross, who survived him, held this estate as
part of her dowry. She died in the 36th of the same reign; and upon a division
of the estate, this property became the inheritance of Joan, the daughter and
heiress of Edward Montacute, by Alice, the daughter and co-heir of the said
Thomas de Brotherton, by Alice his first wife, the daughter of Sir Roger Halys,
In the 20th of King Edward III., Thomas de Hoo lived in this parish, and was
owner of considerable property here. He held the manor under the chief lord, and
was collector of the Earl of Norfolk's revenues: he had issue two sons, William
and Thomas; the former died seized of lands in Cransford, in 1362, and left
issue two sons, William and Thomas.
Sir William de Hoo, Knt., the eldest son and heir, married Eleanor, the daughter
of Sir Thomas Wingfield, Knt., and left issue William, Thomas, and Hugo. Their
father died in the siege of King Richard II., seized of the manor of Cransford.
Thomas de Hoo, Gent., the second son, succeeded to his father's estate in this
parish. He was a citizen and grocer of London: he died in 1413, and was interred
in Hoo church.
Matilda his widow, had this estate during her life, and attorned tenant to John
Godyn, who purchased the reversion thereof in 1418. He was a citizen and grocer
of London, and built the house in this parish (which had probably been the site
of the seat of the Hoo family), since called Godyns.
John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, leased the same, with the Hundred of Loes, to Sir
Robert Wingfield; and at length the Earl of Suffolk, sold the manor of Hoo Hall
and Dunodens, in the time of King James I., to Sir Robert Naunton, of
Anthony Wingfield, Esq., removed from Letheringham to this parish, and was
created a Baronet the 3rd of King Charles I., by the name of Anthony Wingfield,
of Godyns; he pulled down most of this house, and erected a new one near Easton
church, called the White House, where he and his posterity afterwards resided.
Godyns however, continued in that house until 1706, when Sir Henry Wingfield,
Bart., sold the same, and the residue of their family estates, to William Henry
Nassau, 1st Earl of Rochford.1
A lordship in this parish is mentioned amongst those given by Thomas Howard,
Duke of Norfolk, and Henry his son, Earl of Arundel and Surry, in the 30th of
King Henry VIII., to that Monarch, in exchange for the Castle Rising estate.
In 1475, the Prior and Convent of Letheringham, obtained the patronage of this
parish church, by the gift of John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, and Catherine his
wife; and they petitioned Bishop Goldwell, that as the living would not maintain
a rector, and the church being so near their monastery, that the cure could be
well taken care of by one of the canons of their house; therefore that he would
appropriate the same to their use: which was done by his Chancellor, and
confirmed by the Bishop himself, reserving an annuity of 6s. 8d. to the Bishop,
in lieu of first fruits, to be paid at the two synods: and the cure was from
that time served by one of the canons.
ARMS. Hoo: azure; a chevron between three escallops, argent.
William Pitts, Gent., formerly a resident at Monewden, died here, June 1, 1819,
in the 51st year of his age. Mr. Pitts having, very early in life, imbibed a
fondness for mathematical studies, attained to great proficiency; in consequence
of which he was appointed, in 1791, Assistant Astronomer to Mr. Gooch, in Capt.
Vancouver's voyage of discovery. Mr. Pitts was not only conversant in the
different branches of algebra, but was likewise complete master of the direct
and inverse methods of fluxions; and from the great veneration in which he held
that science, it was to be hoped that he had left some valuable documents, the
result of many years unwearied application.
1. See Easton.
Topographical and Genealogical, The County of Suffolk, 1844, Augustine Page