CHARLES HOWARD, DUKE OF
This very illustrious family
obtained the rank of peers (in 1459 temp. Henry VI. according to Beatson)
in the person of sir
John Howard, whose mother was Margaret, daughter and coheir of Thomas de
Mowbray, duke of Norfolk; and in the rein of Richard III. the fame person
was railed to the title of duke of Norfolk, 1483, which high honor they
have now enjoyed 323 years; not indeed, without
many recedes of fortune, but always in considerable splendor From this period they long made a great figure in our histories;
but latterly, being excluded from a seat in
parliament as Catholics, they lived more retired, till the accession
of the present duke, who, having conformed, has
taken an active part in politics. In the battle of Bosworth field; in the
wars with Scotland, temp. Henry VIII; in the annals of poetry and genius,
by the means of the accomplished and amiable lord Surrey; in the pathetic
story of Mary queen of Scots; and in the lively and descriptive pages of
lord Clarendon, they constitute.
The prefect duke's father, descended from Charles
Howard, of Greystock, in Cumberland, a younger grandson of Thomas, earl of
Arundel, the collector, who died 1646, succeeded collaterally to the
titles, in 1777, and died in 1785.
His grace has been twice married, 1st, in 1767, to Marian,
heiress of John Coppinger, esq. of Ballyvolane, in Ireland, who died the
next year; and 2dly to Frances, daughter, and sole heir, of Charles
Fitzroy Scudamore, by the repudiated duchess of Beaufort, who was heiress
of James, viscount Scudamore, and who brought him a great estate, at
Holm-Lacy, &c. in Herefordshire. But he has no issue by either marriage.
His grace, when lord Surrey, sat in the House of
Commons for the city of Carlisle; and was an active member her of
parliament, on the side of the opposition, which was headed by Mr. Fox; a
line of politics which he has since continued uniformly to pursue in the
upper house. His conduct, as a member of the Whig Club, a Few years ago,
gave great offence to government, who removed him from the command of one
of the regiments of Yorkshire militia, and from the lord lieutenancy of
one of the ridings of that county. The same conduct also exposed him to
the animated and eloquent animadversions of Burke, in one of his last
There is something very peculiar in his grace's person
and habits, which is too well known to the world, to be dwelt upon here.
His estates are large, independent of those of his duchess; and lie
principally in Nottinghamshire, Yorkshire, Cumberland, Norfolk, and Suffex.
Female Descent,] Boys, Scales, Tendring Mowbray
Molines, Tilney. Stafford, Vere, F'itzalan, Dacres, Talbot, Stuart,
Seats.] The favorite residence of his grace is
at Arundel-castle, is Sussex, derived by a marriage of his ancestors, with
the heiress of the Fitzalans, earls of Arundel, whose erldom is said to be
conferred by the possession of this castle. The duke has been repairing
it, in a kind of Gothic style, at a vast expense. His other
residences are Worksop, in Nottinghamshire derived in the time of James I.
from an heiress of the Shrewsbury family; Greystock, in Cumberland, which
came from the Daces; and Holm-Lacy, in Herefordshire, derived by his
grace's second marriage from the Scadamores.
Heir Presumptive.] Bernard Edward Howard,
descended from Bernard Howard, younger brother of Charles Howard, of
Greystock, great grandfather of the duke. He married, 1789, lady Elizabeth
Bellasis, daughter of the last earl of Fauconberg, by whom he had a, son,
Henry Edward, born 1791, and from whom he was afterwards divorced, when he
remarried the present earl of Lucan.
Younger Branches.] The earls of Suffolk,
Carlisle, and Effingham, with the Howards of Corby, in Cumberland, are all
younger branches of this house; as were the extinct viscounts Bindon,
earls of Northampton, Nottingham, and Stafford, and lords Howard of
Biographical Peerage Of The Empire Of Great Britain