DUKE OF GLOUCESTER
WILLIAM HENRY, third son of the
late Frederick, prince of Wales, was born at
He was baptized, eleven
At the marriage
of their majesties, Sep. 8, 1761, his royal highness walked on the queen's
left-hand to and from the chapel; and as he had no right then (as be was
not a peer) to form a part in the public procession at
the coronation, on the 22d of that month,
he handed his mother, the princess dowager of Wales, who with her younger
children, &c. made a leafier procession, to and
from Westminster Abbey.
On May 27, 1762, his
royal highness was, at a chapter of the Garter, held at St. James's,
elected a knight of that most noble order; was
installed at Windsor on September 25, following, when the king and queen
honored the solemnity with their presence: soon after which he was
appointed ranger of Hampton-court Park, in Middlesex.
A few days before his
royal highness was of full age, 'VIZ. on Nov. 17, 1764,
his majesty was pleased to grant to him, and to the heirs mate of his
royal highness, the: dignities of a duke of the kingdom of Great Britain,
of an earl of the kingdom of Ireland, by the names, stiles, and titles, of
duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, in the said kingdom of Great Britain,
and of earl of Connaught, in the said kingdom of Ireland.
On Wednesday, Dec. 19, 1764, his royal highness was, by
his majesty's command, introduced into the privy-council, and took his
place at the council-board. His royal highness, on Thursday Jan. 10, 1765,
being the first day of the fourth session of the twelfth parliament of
Great Britain, took the oaths and his seat in the House of peers.
His royal highness, on June 28, 1766, was appointed
colonel of the 13th regiment of foot; and on the decease of his royal
brother, Edward, duke of York, had a grant from his majesty of the custody
of the lodge and walks in Cranburne-chafe, in the forest of Windsor, &c.
&c. On Jan. 6, 1768 , he was constituted a major-general of his majesty's
forces, and colonel of the third regiment of foot guards. On March go,
1770 he was promoted to the rank of major-general, likewise to the command
of the first regiment of foot guards; and in Jan. 1771, was appointed
warden and keeper of the New Forest &c. in the county of Southampton.
Also, on May 25 1772, was advanced to the rank of general of his majesty's
forces; and afterwards to the rank of senior field-marshal.
His royal highness was likewise ranger and keeper of Windsor Forest
ranger of Hampton-court Park, chancellor of the University of Dublin, and
president of the London Infirmary.
His royal highness was married on Sep. 6, 1766, to
Maria, daughter of sir Edward Walpole, knight of the Bath, and widow of
James, earl of Waldegrave. Their issue were,
1. Princess Sophia Matilda, born at
Gloucester-house, May 29, and baptized there, June 26, 1773.
2. Princess Carolina Augusta Maria, born at
Gloucester-house, June 24, 1774, died there, March 14, 1775, and was
buried in St. George's chapel, Windsor.
3. Prince William Frederick, born at the
Theodole-palace, in the city of Rome, Jan. 15, and baptized there, Feb.
His royal highness died, Aug. 25, 1805, and was
succeeded by his only son, William Frederick, duke of Gloucester.
His royal highness is a lieutenant-general in the army,
egad colonel of the third regiment of foot guards.
Biographical Peerage Of The Empire Of Great Britain